Only the wonderful is beautiful. Surrealism in dialogue

“That unconscious that Freud described and that would change the conception that the West had of the psyche. Not so in the native peoples of different latitudes who already understood symbols and internal, hidden labyrinths, thanks to practices such as the jíkuri ceremonies, of Rarámuri origin – which would interest characters such as Antonin Artaud. Shamanisms and the various spiritualities bring out expressions that go beyond reason, as the West has understood it.”

  • Lucina Jiménez López, general director of Inbal
The phases of the moon III (Les phases de la lune III) 
Paul Delvaux | The phases of the moon III (Les phases de la lune III, 1942 | oil on canvas | St 132 Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam, on loan from the Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen Foundation1973 D. R. © Fondation Paul Delvaux, 2022 

An exhibition that shows the links between European surrealism and its Mexican side and highlights the formation of a community of surrealist women who nurtured her interest in the study of archaeology, anthropology and various aspects of the occult. on 289 works and compiles exceptional explorations in the branches of literature, painting, sculpture, photography and cinema, with a selection of artists such as Max Ernst, Man Ray, Salvador Dalí, René Magritte, Remedios Varo, Leonora Carrington, Wolfgang Paleen, Alice Rahon , Kati Horna, and Mexican creators such as Frida Kahlo, Agustín Lazo, María Izquierdo, among others. 

The curatorship was in charge of Els Hoek, a teacher in the history of modern art who has produced and organized exhibitions since 1983, and Tere Arcq for the Mexican section, an independent curator, recognized for her international career in projects on women artists and surrealism in Mexico. . 

reproduction prohibited (La reproduction interdite) 
René Magritte| reproduction prohibited (La reproduction interdite, 1937 | oil on canvas | 2939 (MK) Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam, acquisition 1977 D.R. © René Magritte/ADAGP/SOMAAP/MEXICO/2022 

The general director of Inbal, Lucina Jiménez López, comments that the fascination produced by surrealist works comes from this communication that art traces with that part of us that expresses itself through symbols, flaws and fantasies. “That unconscious that Freud described and that would change the conception that the West had of the psyche. Not so in the native peoples of different latitudes who already understood symbols and internal, hidden labyrinths, thanks to practices such as the jíkuri ceremonies, of Rarámuri origin – which would interest characters such as Antonin Artaud. Shamanisms and the various spiritualities bring out expressions that go beyond reason, as the West has understood it”. He also recalled that the Zuhar peoples of the Amazon organize life based on their dreams and have done so since ancient times. Art, finally, is dedicated to transcending its own borders, to dissent in defense of a freedom that above all deserves to be communicated and felt, and that seeks to expand the world by growing the means of expression, the languages ​​themselves. 

 
Spain (Espagne) 
Salvador Dalí | Spain (Espagne, 1938 | oil on canvas | 2990 (MK) Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam, acquired with the support of the Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen Foundation, the Rembrandt Association, Prince Bernhard Foundation, Erasmus Foundation, Foundation for the Promotion of Popular Power Rotterdam 1979 D. R. © Gala-Salvador Dalí Foundation , 2022 

The exhibition is divided into the following themes: 

+ A surrealist revolution, which takes as its starting point the publication of the 1924 surrealist manifesto by André Breton, with which it sought to provoke a revolution of the mind, inciting to go beyond the realm of rational thought and open up to the depths of the human psyche, with works by artists such as Salvador Dalí, René Magritte, Leonora Carrington, Rosa Rolanda, among others. 

+ Dada and Surrealism, the influence of the Dadaist movement is exposed, which despite its short duration had a great impact on Surrealism. Related artists found in the irrational a way to deal with the war turbulence that plagued Europe and translated it into artistic expressions, using various techniques, such as automatic writing and drawing, sculpture, collage, frottage or thank you 

+ The dreaming mind is the third section in which the interest in psychoanalysis and the theory of the unconscious proposed by Sigmund Freud is glimpsed; for him, it could be explored through dreams, desires and anxieties. 

+ International exhibition of surrealism in Mexico, recalls the sample that was presented in the Inés Amor gallery in 1940, a direct antecedent of the long surrealist tradition in the country, from the reception of exiles from the war. It recovers works from the exhibition by Kahlo, Paalen, Rodríguez Lozano, Montenegro, Rahon and Álvarez Bravo, among others. 

+ Desire, presents how love and desire were central themes within the surrealist universe. In meetings, through questionnaires, paintings, novels, and poems, they examined and shared fetishes and forbidden attractions. Although the intervention of women was relegated to a role of muses or objects of desire, the curatorship proposes to reassess the female presence with works by Lola Álvarez Bravo, Aube Breton and Kati Horna. 

+ Chance and the irrational, shows the development of automatist techniques aimed at freeing the unconscious. Collage and drawing predominate, and some series of drawings by Max Ernst and Piet Ouborg are exhibited; also a remarkable selection of collages by Eileen Agar, Joseph Cornell, Lola Álvarez Bravo, Bridget Tichenor, Agustín Lazo; as well as sculptures and objects by Man Ray, Pedro Friedeberg and Salvador Dalí. 

+ Strangely familiar, it focuses on the search for beauty through unusual combinations, in which the implementation of objects and shapes are decontextualized and question the nature of representation. 

+ Edward James and Xilitla, the figure of the poet, sculptor and promoter of surrealism is revalued. Through archives and works, he realizes his creative processes that culminate in the construction of "Las Pozas", today known as the "Edward James Sculpture Garden" in Xilitla, San Luis Potosí. A part of its collection was acquired by the Boijmans van Beuningen Museum from the 1960s. 

The Geminis are in the garden again (Again, the Gemini are in the Orchard) 
Leonora Carrington | The Geminis are in the garden again, 1947 | oil on board | 4220 (MK) Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam, acquired with the support of the Mondriaan Foundation, Rembrandt Association (thanks in part to Desirée Lambers Funds and Dura Kunst Funds), BankGiro Loterij, Willem van Rede Foundation, Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen Foundation, Foundation Prince Bernhard Cultural © 2022 Estate of Leonora Carrington / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York 

The exhibition is complemented by a publication made with the support of the Jenkins Foundation, which aims to be a benchmark in the investigation of this important artistic movement, which is why specialists and academics were invited, such as Xavier Guzmán, Juan Manuel Bonet, Kristoffer Noheden, Stefan van Raay, Jaime Moreno Villarreal, Irene Herner, to name a few. 

Museum of the Palace of Fine Arts

Until October 2

http://museopalaciodebellasartes.gob.mx

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