American Life, is presented in February at the Whitney Museum in New York, an exhibition that will explore the profound influence that Mexican artists had on the direction that American art would take. Featuring approximately 200 works by sixty American and Mexican artists, Vida americana reorients the history of art, recognizing the broad influence that the three great Mexican muralists, José Clemente Orozco, Diego Rivera, and David Alfaro Siqueiros, exerted on the style, theme, and ideology present in American art created between 1925 and 1945 Curated by Barbara Haskell , with Marcela Guerrero, assistant curator; Sarah Humphreville, senior assistant curator; and Alana Hernandez, former curatorial projects assistant, American Life: Mexican Muralists Remake American Art, 1925–1945 It will be on public view at the Whitney from February 17 to May 17, 2020, before moving to the McNay Art Museum in San Antonio, Texas, where it will be on view from June 25 to October 4, 2020.
Introducing the art of the muralists Mexicans along with that of their American contemporaries, Vida americana reveals the seismic impact that Mexican art had, particularly in those who were looking for inspiration and models that went beyond modernism European and the School of Paris. As American artists and the The public were confronted with the Great Depression and the economic injustices it caused. exhibited, Mexican artists provided a convincing model with which portray sociopolitical issues relevant to people's lives, thus establishing a new relationship between art and the public. will be exposed works by both celebrated American artists, as well as others less acquaintances, including Thomas Hart Benton, Elizabeth Catlett, Aaron Douglas, Marion Greenwood, William Gropper, Philip Guston, Eitarō Ishigaki, Jacob Lawrence, Harold Lehman, Fletcher Martin, Isamu Noguchi, Jackson Pollock, Ben Shahn, Thelma Johnson Street, Charles White, and Hale Woodruff. In addition to Orozco, Rivera and Siqueiros, other Mexican artists are included, such as Miguel Covarrubias, Maria Izquierdo, Frida Kahlo, Mardonio Magana, Alfredo Ramos Martinez and Rufino Tamayo.
Works will be presented that have not been exhibited in decades in the United States. Two of the studies that Rivera carried out in 1932 to The man at the crossroads, his infamous Rockefeller Center mural that would later be destroyed, will be received on loan from the Anahuacalli Museum in Mexico City. The museum will also loan the Whitney the study that Rivera did for his series Portrait of America (c.1933). The Carrillo Gil Museum of Art will lend several key works by Orozco and Siqueiros that have never been shown or have rarely been shown in the United States, including, Christ destroying his cross (1931), Pancho Villa (1931) y landscape of peaks (1943); as well as the works Intertropical (1946), La resurrección (1946) y Caín en los Estados Unidos (1947) de Siqueiros. Otros préstamos importantes provenientes de México incluyen Our current image (1947) by Siqueiros, a work in the permanent collection of the Museum of Modern Art; as well as My nieces (1940) by Maria Izquierdo and proletarian mother (1929) by Siqueiros, on loan from the National Museum of Art. In addition, two paintings by Japanese-born artist Eitarō Ishigaki will be received on loan from the Wakayama Museum of Modern Art, Japan.
The Mexican murals of panoramic scale of the period post-revolutionary depicting national history and daily life used a pictorial vocabulary that was both modern and characteristically Mexican. Combined with the radical socialist theme of the works that Mexican muralists created while living in the United States States, his influence on the artists of this country was profound,” he explained. Barbara Haskell, curator of the exhibition. “The legacy and lasting impact that the muralists had, and which has been largely excluded from the predominant canonical narrative of modern art that emerged in the United States Together, they shape a more comprehensive vision of modernism. By exploring the transformation that has occurred in artistic creation in the United States as result of Mexican influence, while examining the effect that this country had on the muralists, Vida americana will expand our understanding of the strong cultural exchange that arose between the two countries.”
“Vida americana it is a project of enormous importance to the Whitney and could not be more timely due to the intertwining of its aesthetic and political concerns,” said Scott Rothkopf, Senior Deputy Director and Chief Curator, Steve Crown Family. "Not only does it represent the culmination of nearly a decade of scholarly research and generous international collaboration, but it also demonstrates our commitment to presenting a more comprehensive and inclusive perspective on 20th-century and contemporary art in the United States."
The Whitney Museum's own connection to Mexican muralists dates back to 1924, when the Museum's founder, Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney, presented an exhibition, organized by artist Alexander Brook, of the work of Mexican artists José Clemente Orozco, Luis Hidalgo and Miguel Covarrubias at the Whitney Studio Club. This was Orozco's first exhibition in the United States. A few years later, in 1926, Orozco also presented watercolors from his series house of tears at the Studio Club, and the following year, Juliana Force, executive assistant to Mrs. Whitney and future director of the Whitney Museum, provided crucial support to Orozco in a time of great need through the acquisition of ten of his drawings. Mexican muralists had a profound influence on many artists who were pillars of the Studio Club, which would eventually become the Whitney Museum. Among them were several American artists included in Vida americana like Thomas Hart Benton, William Gropper, Isamu Noguchi and Ben Shahn.
Vida americana It will be divided into nine thematic sections ( Romantic nationalism and the Revolution Mexican, Orozco on the shores , Siqueiros in Los Angeles, Stories epics, Rivera and the New Deal, Art as political activism, The Abelardo L. Rodríguez market, Siqueiros and the Experimental Workshop) made up of paintings, frescoes notebooks, films, sculptures, prints, photographs and drawings, as well as reproductions of murals in situ. The exhibition will occupy the entire Neil Bluhm Family Galleries, located on the fifth floor of the Whitney. Is unprecedented installation, as well as the accompanying catalogue, will provide the first opportunity to reconsider this cultural history, revealing the immense influence of Mexican artists on their counterparts Americans between 1925 and 1945.
American Life: The Mexican Muralists American art remade, 1925–1945 at the Whitney Museum of American Art is organized by curator Barbara Haskell, with Marcela Guerrero, assistant curator; Sarah Humphreville, senior assistant curator; and Alana Hernandez, former assistant to curatorial projects. At the McNay Art Museum in San Antonio, Texas, the installation will be supervised by René Paul Barrilleaux.
La exposición will be open to the public February 17 to May 17, 2020 at the Whitney, will feature texts introductory and specific for each section, descriptions of works, a audio guide and guided tours in both English and Spanish. Organized by the Museum's educational department, a series of public programs will be presented and families, including a day-long symposium in conjunction with the exhibition and with artists, curators, educators, academics and others participants from both the United States and Mexico. individual tickets anticipated for Vida americana will go on sale from 13 December 2019. These can be purchased online until midnight on the day before the visit and include an entrance to Vida americana and to the rest of the exhibitions in the museum.